By Trevor Bryce
Roman emperor Diocletian within the early 4th century AD.
Across the centuries, from the Bronze Age to Imperial Rome, we stumble upon an enormous array of characters and civilizations, enlivening, enriching, and besmirching the annals of Syrian background: Hittite and Assyrian nice Kings; Egyptian pharaohs; Amorite robber-barons; the biblically infamous Nebuchadnezzar; Persia's Cyrus the nice and Macedon's Alexander the good; the rulers of the Seleucid empire; and an collection of Rome's such a lot uncommon and such a lot notorious emperors. All swept throughout the
plains of Syria sooner or later in her lengthy heritage. All contributed, in a single approach or one other, to Syria's designated, particular personality, as they imposed themselves upon it, fought each other inside of it, or pillaged their means via it.
But this isn't only a background of invasion and oppression. Syria had nice rulers of her personal, native-born Syrian luminaries, occasionally showing as neighborhood champions who sought to disencumber their lands from overseas despots, occasionally as crafty, self-seeking manipulators of squabbles among their overlords. They culminate with Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, whose existence presents a becoming grand finale to the 1st 3 millennia of this historical civilization. And but the lengthy tale of Syria does not
end with the mysterious destiny of Queen Zenobia. the realization appears ahead to the Muslim conquest within the seventh century advert: in lots of methods the outlet bankruptcy within the both advanced and sometimes bothered historical past of contemporary Syria.
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Additional resources for Ancient Syria: A Three Thousand Year History
Ancient Syria: A Three Thousand Year History by Trevor Bryce